U.S. v. Joseph Jackson (Red Lake Indian Reservation Diminishment)

HRA assisted the attorneys who prosecuted a criminal case involving an attempted murder within the boundaries of the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota. Since the alleged incident occurred on lands that the United States had sold to a railroad company under a 1905 law, the defendant argued that Congress had diminished the area from the reservation, making it no longer Indian Country. HRA researched and analyzed Congress’s intent in passing the 1905 act and a subsequent amendment, as well as federal actions surrounding the legislation. Both the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota and the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals cited to HRA’s expert report and trial testimony when issuing their opinions.